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A Brief History of the Missouri National Guard
The Missouri National Guard or its antecedent, the Missouri Militia, has been active since at least August 21, 1808.
From a part of the St. Louis Grays, the Missouri Light Artillery was organized in July 1842. Most of its members were Germans who had fought in Germany. Four six-pound brass cannons were cast for the battery at the St. Louis Arsenal.
On June 13, 1846, Battery "A" together with other troops from the St. Louis area
During the Civil War, Missouri's militia supplied troops for both sides,
Silver Dollar payday for battery A.
Cover of WW1 35th infantry division history book.
Cover page of 2nd MO Infantry during Spanish-American War.
In World War II the entire Missouri National Guard was activated on September
A total of 2,358 men from both the Army and Air Guard were activated for Korea.
On 13 May, 1968 during the Vietnam War, the 208th Engineer Company from Festus
Invasion of Panama
During the invasion of Panama, Missouri MP's from the 1137th and 1138th were
The Global War on Terrorism
In response to the terrorist attacks on America, the Missouri National Guard's 1138th and 1139th Military Police Company were activated for Operation Noble Eagle. More than 230 Guardmembers were called by the Governor to increase security at Missouri's commercial airports. The Missouri Air National Guard had more than 400 members activated in support of Operations Noble Eagle and Enduring Freedom.
The Missouri National Guard provided more than 2,000 Soldiers to assist its neighbors in Louisiana after Hurricane Katrina devastated the surrounding countryside. Many Missouri National Guard units that had served in Iraq traveled to Louisiana. Some of these units include the 1221st Trans. CO that hauled much needed supplies to the area; the 1138th MP's who worked with local law enforcement officials to provide security to the area; and the 203rd Engineers who worked to clear damaged areas and move debris.
In March 2008 the Missouri National Guard had its largest deployment of Soldiers since World War I. It deployed more than 1,000 Soldiers for KFOR-10 in Kosovo. This was the first time that a Maneuver Support Brigade, later Maneuver Enhancement Brigade, rather than a divisional element, led American forces in Kosovo. Members of the 70th MPAD, 110th MEB, members of the 129th FA, 3175th MP CO, 135th ROC, and various other units of the MONG, as well as units from 5 other states, were deployed on this mission until early 2009.
During the summer of 2008, the MONG and MoANG mobilized more than 1,200 Soldiers and Airmen for some of the worst flooding on the Mississippi River seen since the Great Flood of '93. Approximately 25 Army and Air units were activated for this duty. Sandbagging, levee monitoring and manning traffic control points were some of the duties performed by MONG personnel. This was a unique opportunity in which both the MONG and MoANG worked closely together during a State Emergency Duty (SED).
2009 saw the last flight of the 131st Fighter Wing. They began transitioning to the B-2 Stealth bomber mission. Pilots and other personnel re-trained for the B-2. The 131st moved transition teams from Lambert Field, St. Louis Air National Guard Base to Whiteman AFB where a plan was developed to integrate the MoANG into the B-2 mission.
Operation Enduring Freedom
The year 2010 saw much of the main focus and efforts shift to missions in Afghanistan while bringing to a close our commitments in Iraq. The 1107th Theater Aviation Support Maintenance Group had a successful deployment to Kuwait/ Iraq. The 1107th TASMG mission was to provide a fixed base theater of operations dedicated to sustainment/depot capability. The 203rd Engineer Battalion returned from completing their mission to Afghanistan. Their mission was to clear routes of improvised explosive devices throughout Regional Command East to ensure freedom of movement for military and civilian personnel. The 135th Military History Detachment was mobilized to document the service of units on duty in Afghanistan. The 135th MHD interviewed personnel, acquired photographs, and videos of units and individual members. Overlapping into the next decade, the Missouri National Guard Agri-Business Development Team IV continued the key mission of transforming Afghanistan. Their mission was to coordinate and integrate agri-business capacity building activities into existing counterinsurgency operations in Nangarhar province.
2011 to Present
The year 2011 will be remembered for Missouri National Guard's service to the state of Missouri. A monster winter storm that dropped heavy snow measured in feet impacted a third of the country and did not spare Missouri. The last day of January, even before the storm arrived, witnessed an unprecedented move by the Governor to mobilize the Guard, 600 Guardsmen in all.
Ironically, the heavy snow fall would soon impact Missouri with a different problem, flooding. The Mississippi and Missouri River's would soon take their turns engulfing Missouri from spring to fall. Between the two state emergency duty operations, over 1300 guardsmen would be mobilized to assist in many towns and cities along the rivers.
In between the flood responses, the mettle and capabilities of the MONG were tested by a devastating EF-5 multiple-vortex tornado that carved a destructive path (up to a mile wide) through Joplin, MO. It ranks as the seventh deadliest and costliest (2.8 Billion) single tornado in US history. The MONG was not only immediately mobilized, but continued to assist long after the immediate response. Numerous units assisted and nearly 400 Guardsmen were mobilized at the peak of the disaster.
The year 2011 ended with a total of five state emergency responses. The year 2012 was relatively quiet compared to the previous year, with one tornado response in the Branson area.
With the numerous challenges at home, the Missouri National Guard continued to fulfill our federal obligation of supporting overseas contingency operations. Afghanistan continues to be the majority of our mobilizations, but not exclusively. The 835th HHD and 229th HHD were the first two units to forge the way for the Missouri National Guard to perform the historic Multinational Forces and Observers (MFO) Sinai peacekeeping mission in Egypt. Another mission of historical significance was the final mobilization of a Missouri Agri-Business Development Team. The effort began in 2007, with ADT I and ended with the safe return of the last team members of ADT VI in November of 2012.
The Missouri National Guard continues to deploy overseas and is always ready, always there, locally, to assist the citizens of Missouri.